Glossary

A

  • Amalgam - Material made from mercury and other alloy mixtures used to restore a drilled portion of a tooth.
  • Anesthesia - Medications used to relieve pain.
  • Anterior teeth - Front teeth. Also called incisors and cuspids.
  • Arch - The upper or lower jaw.

B

  • Baby bottle tooth decay - Caused by sugary substances in breast milk and some juices, which combine with saliva to form pools inside the baby's mouth.
  • Bicuspids -A premolar tooth; tooth with two cusps, which are pointed or rounded eminences on or near the masticating surface of a tooth.
  • Bitewings - X-rays that help a dentist diagnose cavities.
  • Bonding - Application of tooth-colored resin materials to the surface of the teeth.
  • Bridge - A prosthetic replacement of one or more missing teeth cemented or otherwise attached to the abutment teeth or implant replacements.
  • Bruxism - Teeth grinding.

C

  • Calculus - A hard deposit of mineralized substance adhering to crowns and/or roots of teeth or prosthetic devices.
  • Canal - The narrow chamber inside the tooth's root.
  • Canines - Also called cuspids.
  • Canker sore - One that occurs on the delicate tissues inside your mouth. A canker sore is usually light-colored at its base and can have a red exterior border.
  • Caries - A commonly used term for tooth decay, or cavities.
  • Cold sore - Usually occurs on the outside of the mouth, usually on or near the nose or lips. A cold sore is contagious because it is caused by the herpes simplex virus, and it is usually painful and filled with fluid.
  • Composite filling - Tooth colored restorations, also known as resin fillings.
  • Composite resin - A tooth colored resin combined with silica or porcelain and used as a restoration material.
  • Contouring - The process of reshaping teeth.
  • Crown - An artificial tooth replacement that restores missing tooth structure by surrounding the remaining coronal tooth structure. It is also placed on a dental implant.
  • Cusps - The pointed parts on top of the back teeth's chewing surface.
  • Cuspids - Front teeth that typically have a protruding edge.

D

  • Dentin - The tooth layer underneath the enamel.
  • Denture - A removable set of teeth.

E

  • Endodontics - A form of dentistry that addresses problems affecting the tooth's root or nerve.

F

  • Fluoride - A harmless over-exposure to fluoride resulting in tooth discoloration.
  • Fluorosis - A harmless over-exposure to fluoride and resulting sometimes in tooth discoloration.

G

  • Gingiva - Another word for gum tissue.
  • Gingivitis - A minor disease of the gums caused by plaque.
  • Gum disease - An infection of the gum tissues. Also called periodontal disease.

I

  • Impacted teeth - A condition in which a tooth fails to erupt or only partially erupts.
  • Implant - A permanent appliance used to replace a missing tooth.
  • Incisor - Front teeth with cutting edges; located in the center or on the sides near the front.
  • Inlay - An artificial filling made of various materials, including porcelain, resin, or gold.

L

  • Laminate veneer - A shell that is bonded to the enamel of a front tooth. The shell is usually thin and made from porcelain resin.

M

  • Malocclusion - Bad bite relationship.
  • Mandible - The lower jaw.
  • Maxilla - The upper jaw.
  • Molar - Usually the largest teeth, near the rear of the mouth. Molars have large chewing surfaces.

N

  • Neuromuscular Dentistry - Addresses more than the aches and pains felt in and around the neck and head that are associated with your teeth and jaw.

O

  • Onlay - A filling designed to protect the chewing surface of a tooth.
  • Orthodontics - A field of dentistry that deals with tooth and jaw alignment.
  • Overdenture - A non-fixed dental appliance applied to a small number of natural teeth or implants.

P

  • Palate - Roof of the mouth.
  • Partial denture - A removable appliance that replaces missing teeth.
  • Pediatric Dentistry - A field of dentistry that deals with children’s teeth
  • Perio pocket - An opening formed by receding gums.
  • Periodontal disease - Infection of the gum tissues. Also called gum disease.
  • Periodontist - A dentist who treats diseases of the gums.
  • Permanent teeth - The teeth that erupt after primary teeth. Also called adult teeth.
  • Plaque - A sticky, colorless substance that covers the teeth after sleep or periods between brushing.
  • Posterior teeth - The bicuspids and molars. Also called the back teeth.
  • Primary teeth - A person's first set of teeth. Also called baby teeth or temporary teeth.
  • Prophylaxis - The act of cleaning the teeth.
  • Prosthodontics - The field of dentistry that deals with artificial dental appliances.
  • Pulp - The inner tissues of the tooth containing blood, nerves and connective tissue.

R

  • Receding gum - A condition in which the gums separate from the tooth, allowing bacteria and other substances to attack the tooth's enamel and surrounding bone.
  • Resin filling - An artificial filling used to restore teeth. Also called a composite filling.
  • Root canal - A procedure in which a tooth's nerve is removed and an inner canal cleansed and later filled.
  • Root planing - Scraping or cleansing of teeth to remove heavy buildup of tartar below the gum line.

S

  • Sealant - A synthetic material placed on the tooth's surface that protects the enamel and chewing surfaces.

T

  • TMJ - Temporomandibular joint disorder. Health problems related to the jaw joint just in front of the ear.
  • Tarter - A hardened substance (also called calculus) that sticks to the tooth’s surface.

V

  • Veneer - A laminate applied or bonded to the tooth.

W

  • Whitening - A process that employs special bleaching agents for restoring the color of teeth.
  • Wisdom tooth - Third set of molars that erupt last in adolescence.


Location

595 E Colorado Blvd Suite 603, Pasadena, CA 91101

Phone: (626) 795-2544

Office Hours

MON Closed

TUE - FRI 9:00 am - 6:00 pm

SAT By appointments only.

SUN Closed

Get in Touch

Email: [email protected]

Phone: (626) 795-2544