Tooth decay damages a tooth’s surface or enamel due to acid-releasing bacteria. Tooth decay can lead to cavities, which are permanently damaged areas in the surface of the teeth, that may develop into holes later. These holes lead the inside of the teeth to the nerves and may cause pain during food intake.
What are the Causes of Tooth Decay?
Cavities are often seen among elders and children. This is because both good and harmful bacteria are present in our mouths, and these harmful bacteria combine with food and drinks to form a clear coating over the teeth known as plaque.
The bacteria in the plaque release acids that decay the minerals present in our enamel, leaving holes in the tooth leading up to the nerves. As a result, people with cavities often feel pain while drinking hot or cold drinks.
Common Symptoms of Tooth Decay
In the early stages of tooth decay, no signs can be seen. However, when the situation worsens, it can lead to:
- Sensitivity to certain food types like sweets or hot and cold foods
- Brownish tint on the surface of a tooth
- Infection causing fever, pain, and swelling
Treatment for Tooth Decay/Cavities
The best method of preventing tooth decay is regular brushing of teeth, twice or thrice a day, including dentist visits every month. Cavities or other oral conditions can be identified with regular check-ups and can only be restricted in the early stages only. If a cavity is treated at the earliest, it will not be that painful.
Fluoride treatment can help develop the eroded enamel early and sometimes even reverse a cavity. Professional fluoride treatments are more effective. They may be available in form of liquid, gel, or foam that can be brushed on your teeth.
Fillings are done when there is already a hole in your tooth. It is made of different materials such as tooth-colored composite resin, porcelain, or dental amalgam.
For the worst condition, you may need a crown that fits your decayed tooth. The decayed area is drilled away, and the crown is placed. These are made of different materials like gold, high-strength porcelain, resin, etc.
Consult Your Dentist Now!
Visiting the doctor is the best way to determine if you have any complications. For expert treatment for tooth decay and cavities, book a consultation with Dr. Jeanne V. Devi, DDS. Call us at (626) 795-2544 or visit our website to schedule appointments and more info. We are located at 595 E Colorado Blvd Suite 603, Pasadena, CA 91101.