High Blood Pressure and Oral Health

Posted by Jeanne V. Devi DDS on Mar 6 2019, 04:21 AM

Medication used to treat hypertension frequently has negative effects on oral health. Some of these drugs can cause xerostomia, or dry mouth, by reducing the amount of saliva you produce. The mouth might become irritable and inflamed if there is insufficient saliva. A dry mouth can also raise the risk of infection, gum disease, plaque formation, and, as a result, cavities. Visit Jeanne V. Devi DDS for additional information on tooth care and to receive the best dental treatment for your specific needs.

What Is High Blood Pressure?

High blood pressure (also known as hypertension) is a condition in which the increased force of blood flowing through arteries puts a strain on artery walls. Blood pressure problems accumulate over time as it rises. When blood pressure becomes high enough, it can lead to health complications such as heart disease.

The amount of blood pumped by the heart and the level of resistance to blood flow within the artery are the two elements that are used to calculate blood pressure. Blood pressure is high, for example, if the blood is pumping at a faster pace via a narrower channel.

What Effect Might My Blood Pressure Medications Have On My Mouth?

  • Swelling of the lips, known as "angioedema," is a significant side effect of various high blood pressure drugs. If you are taking blood pressure medication and experiencing puffy lips, contact your doctor right away. This could mean you're allergic to the drug and should avoid using it. To help you control your blood pressure, your doctor may prescribe a different drug.
  • A dry mouth may raise your risk of tooth decay and oral infections. Please keep your mouth as clean as possible and brush with fluoride toothpaste for 2 minutes at least twice a day to avoid this risk.
  • Changes in taste, such as loss of taste or a metallic taste in the mouth
  • Gingival overgrowth is often known as gum thickening. Maintaining good dental hygiene may help to lessen this risk.
  • Calcium channel blockers are a type of hypertension drug that has been linked to gum overgrowth. When this bothersome symptom worsens, chewing gets difficult and appropriate cleaning becomes nearly impossible. Bacteria can settle under the gumline more easily when the gums are swollen. Even after a thorough cleaning, plaque begins to accumulate and gum disease might develop.

Visit Jeanne V. Devi DDS at 595 E Colorado Blvd Suite 603, Pasadena, CA 91101 for the best dental treatment, or call us at (626) 795-2544 to schedule an appointment.

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